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Anxiety and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis: The mediating effects of perceived social support

Abstract : Background Social support has been identified as a buffering or intervening variable in stressful life events. Research has demonstrated that greater social support is associated with better mental health in multiple sclerosis (MS), but little is known about its links to specific aspects of mental health. We therefore investigated if and how perceived social support modulates depression, anxiety and fatigue in patients with MS. Methods We recruited 112 patients with MS from three French hospitals and administered a demographic and clinic interview, and self-report measures of perceived social support (Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support), depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale). We then analyzed the relationships between these domains using path analysis. Results The causal path model provided an excellent fit for the data (χ2 = 9.8, p = 0.778, standardized root mean square residual = 0.043, comparative fit index = 1.00). Results indicated that the level of social support from friends is a predictor of anxiety symptomatology. Thus, anxiety may have both a direct and an indirect impact on fatigue and depression levels. Conclusions This study highlights the important roles played by perceived social support and anxiety in MS. These should be key pharmacological and non-pharmacological targets for optimizing patient care. NCT 02880553
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02508011
Contributeur : Audrey Henry Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 29 septembre 2022 - 15:06:08
Dernière modification le : vendredi 30 septembre 2022 - 04:04:34

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Henry et al., 2019.pdf
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Audrey Henry, Ayman Tourbah, Gauthier Camus, Romain Deschamps, Laurence Mailhan, et al.. Anxiety and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis: The mediating effects of perceived social support. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 2019, 27, pp.46-51. ⟨10.1016/j.msard.2018.09.039⟩. ⟨hal-02508011⟩

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