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Deep Learning identifies new morphological patterns of Homologous Recombination Deficiency in luminal breast cancers from whole slide images

Abstract : Abstract Homologous Recombination DNA-repair deficiency (HRD) is a well-recognized marker of platinum-salt and PARP inhibitor chemotherapies in ovarian and breast cancers (BC). Causing high genomic instability, HRD is currently determined by BRCA1/2 sequencing or by genomic signatures, but its morphological manifestation is not well understood. Deep Learning (DL) is a powerful machine learning technique that has been recently shown to be capable of predicting genomic signatures from stained tissue slides. However, DL is known to be sensitive to dataset biases and lacks interpretability. Here, we present and evaluate a strategy to control for biases in retrospective cohorts. We train a deep-learning model to predict the HRD in a controlled cohort with unprecedented accuracy (AUC: 0.86) and we develop a new visualization technique that allows for automatic extraction of new morphological features related to HRD. We analyze in detail the extracted morphological patterns that open new hypotheses on the phenotypic impact of HRD.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03633351
Contributor : Thomas Walter Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 2:36:00 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 11:14:07 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 2, 2022 - 7:19:43 PM

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2021.09.10.459734.full.pdf
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Tristan Lazard, Guillaume Bataillon, Peter Naylor, Tatiana Popova, François-Clément Bidard, et al.. Deep Learning identifies new morphological patterns of Homologous Recombination Deficiency in luminal breast cancers from whole slide images. 2022. ⟨hal-03633351⟩

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