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Inversion of a topological domain leads to restricted changes in its gene expression and affects interdomain communication

Abstract : The interplay between the topological organization of the genome and the regulation of gene expression remains unclear. Depletion of molecular factors (e.g. CTCF) underlying topologically associating domains (TADs) leads to modest alterations in gene expression, whereas genomic rearrangements involving TAD boundaries disrupt normal gene expression and can lead to pathological phenotypes. Here, we targeted the TAD neighboring that of the noncoding transcript Xist, which controls X-chromosome inactivation. Inverting 245 kb within the TAD led to expected rearrangement of CTCF-based contacts but revealed heterogeneity in the ‘contact’ potential of different CTCF sites. Expression of most genes therein remained unaffected in mouse embryonic stem cells and during differentiation. Interestingly, expression of Xist was ectopically upregulated. The same inversion in mouse embryos led to biased Xist expression. Smaller inversions and deletions of CTCF clusters led to similar results: rearrangement of contacts and limited changes in local gene expression, but significant changes in Xist expression in embryos. Our study suggests that the wiring of regulatory interactions within a TAD can influence the expression of genes in neighboring TADs, highlighting the existence of mechanisms of inter-TAD communication.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03746685
Contributor : Maud Borensztein Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, August 8, 2022 - 1:06:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 10, 2022 - 3:26:23 AM

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Rafael Galupa, Christel Picard, Nicolas Servant, Elphège P Nora, Yinxiu Zhan, et al.. Inversion of a topological domain leads to restricted changes in its gene expression and affects interdomain communication. Development (Cambridge, England), Company of Biologists, 2022, 149 (9), pp.dev200568. ⟨10.1242/dev.200568⟩. ⟨hal-03746685⟩

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