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Review of the Impact of IT on the Environment and Solution with a Detailed Assessment of the Associated Gray Literature

Abstract : The immaterial aspect of digital technology tends to make us forget its growing impact on the environment. Today, the situation has changed: we are becoming aware of the material aspect of digital technology, especially with the recent datacenter fires. The topic is now on the political agenda, and for good reason: digital accounts for nearly 4% of global emissions, and emissions from the sector are growing exponentially. Digital impact analysis is crucial to increase the visibility and consequently the diffusion and democratization of responsible digital. This article offers a detailed study and solutions on the environmental impact of IT with a detailed assessment of the gray literature of the last years and accompanying elements such as LCA or ISO standards. Thus, we have a view of the main green IT tools, the environmental impact of digital on datacenters, user equipment and networks, recent forecasts, and a look at the future challenges of digital technologies (such as AI or Blockchain),and finally a conclusion with the limitations of our research.
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https://hal-univ-rochelle.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03620573
Contributor : Guillaume Bourgeois Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, March 26, 2022 - 11:25:06 AM
Last modification on : Monday, September 19, 2022 - 3:23:04 PM

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Bourgeois Guillaume, Duthil Benjamin, Courboulay Vincent. Review of the Impact of IT on the Environment and Solution with a Detailed Assessment of the Associated Gray Literature. Sustainability, MDPI, 2022, 14 (4), pp.2457. ⟨10.3390/su14042457⟩. ⟨hal-03620573⟩

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