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Relationships between stable isotopes and trace element concentrations in the crocodilian community of French Guiana

Abstract : Trace elements in the blood of crocodilians and the factors that influence their concentrations are overall poorly documented. However, determination of influencing factors is crucial to assess the relevance of caimans as bioindicators of environmental contamination, and potential toxicological impact of trace elements on these reptiles. In the present study, we determined the concentrations of 14 trace elements (Ag, As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Pb, Mn, Ni, Se, V, and Zn) in the blood of four French Guiana caiman species (Spectacled Caiman Caiman crocodilus [n = 34], the Black Caiman Melanosuchus niger [n = 25], the Dwarf Caiman Paleosuchus palpebrosus [n = 5] and the Smooth-fronted Caiman Paleosuchus trigonatus [n = 20]) from 8 different sites, and further investigated the influence of individual body size and stable isotopes as proxies of foraging habitat and trophic position on trace element concentrations. Trophic position was identified to be an important factor influencing trace element concentrations in the four caiman species and explained interspecific variations. These findings highlight the need to consider trophic ecology when crocodilians are used as bioindicators of trace element contamination in environmental studies.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03673848
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Submitted on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 11:29:06 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 21, 2022 - 3:55:39 AM

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Jérémy Lemaire, François Brischoux, Oliver Marquis, Rosanna Mangione, Stéphane Caut, et al.. Relationships between stable isotopes and trace element concentrations in the crocodilian community of French Guiana. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2022, 837, pp.155846. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.155846⟩. ⟨hal-03673848⟩

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