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Journal Articles Marine drugs Year : 2022

Archaea Carotenoids: Natural Pigments with Unexplored Innovative Potential

Przemysław Sitarek


For more than 40 years, marine microorganisms have raised great interest because of their major ecological function and their numerous applications for biotechnology and pharmacology. Particularly, Archaea represent a resource of great potential for the identification of new metabolites because of their adaptation to extreme environmental conditions and their original metabolic pathways, allowing the synthesis of unique biomolecules. Studies on archaeal carotenoids are still relatively scarce and only a few works have focused on their industrial scale production and their biotechnological and pharmacological properties, while the societal demand for these bioactive pigments is growing. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review of the current knowledge on carotenoid metabolism in Archaea and the potential applications of these pigments in biotechnology and medicine. After reviewing the ecology and classification of these microorganisms, as well as their unique cellular and biochemical characteristics, this paper highlights the most recent data concerning carotenoid metabolism in Archaea, the biological properties of these pigments, and biotechnological considerations for their production at industrial scale.
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hal-03765116 , version 1 (01-09-2022)


Attribution - CC BY 4.0



Antoine Grivard, Isabelle Goubet, Luiz Miranda de Souza Duarte Filho, Valérie Thiéry, Sylvie Chevalier, et al.. Archaea Carotenoids: Natural Pigments with Unexplored Innovative Potential. Marine drugs, 2022, 20 (8), pp.524. ⟨10.3390/md20080524⟩. ⟨hal-03765116⟩
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