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Wave Dissipation and Mean Circulation on a Shore Platform Under Storm Wave Conditions

Abstract : While wave processes on shore platforms have been recently advanced by a number of field-based studies, few attention has been paid to the role of bed roughness on wave dissipation and wave setup dynamics in these environments. This study reports on a new field experiment conducted under storm wave conditions on a gently sloping shore platform which was instrumented from 10 m water depth up to the shoreline. Data analyses are complemented with numerical simulations performed with a 3D fully coupled modeling system using a vortex force formalism to represent the effects of short waves on the mean circulation. An accurate representation of wave dissipation by both depth-induced breaking and bottom friction is found essential to reproduce the transformation of short waves across the platform and the resulting wave setup. Wave energy dissipation by bottom friction is dominant in the subtidal part of the platform and contributes to about 40% of the total wave energy dissipation. The enhanced wave bottom friction on the platform decreases the wave height before breaking, which reduces the contribution of wave forces to the wave setup compared to a smooth bottom (mechanism 1). Conversely, an idealized analysis of the cross-shore momentum balance reveals that the wave-induced circulation increases the wave setup, this process being enhanced on a rough bottom (mechanism 2). The contribution of mechanism 2 increases with the bottom slope, accounting for up to 26% of the wave setup for a 1:20 sloping shore platform, and overcoming mechanism 1.
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https://hal-univ-rochelle.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03817235
Contributor : Xavier Bertin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, October 17, 2022 - 9:44:50 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 18, 2022 - 4:06:10 AM

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Lavaud et al_JGR2022.pdf
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Laura Lavaud, Xavier Bertin, Kévin Martins, Marc Pezerat, Thibault Coulombier, et al.. Wave Dissipation and Mean Circulation on a Shore Platform Under Storm Wave Conditions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 2022, 127 (3), pp.105319. ⟨10.1029/2021JF006466⟩. ⟨hal-03817235⟩

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