Multi-scale investigation of the consequences of hydrogen on the mechanical response of cyclically strained nickel single crystal

Abstract : Hydrogen in metals can lead to irreversible damages on engineering structures. Consequently, the effects of the solute on the mechanical properties and the plasticity mechanisms of these materials have to be clarified. The proposed study consists to investigate the effects of hydrogen on the mechanical response of nickel single crystal strained by fatigue from macroscopic scale down to the atomic scale. At macroscopic scale, cyclic tests are conducted on multi-slip oriented nickel with several hydrogen concentrations to evaluate its consequences on the cyclic hardening of the metal. Then, a microstructural characterisation of the heterogeneities developed by fatigue is conducted for several plastic deformation amplitudes on nickel with and without hydrogen. The deformation of the metal induces a microstructure in form of wall and channel phases, which partially depend on the elastic interactions between the stress state, hydrogen and the induced crystalline defects. Therefore, the impact of hydrogen of the elastic properties of nickel single crystal is investigated using atomic scale calculations and experiments. Further calculations at this length scale associated with analytical elastic models are conducted to evaluate the stability of fatigue induced dislocation structures in presence of the solute, vacancies and vacancy clusters. The main conclusions of this study arise from the analysis of the results obtained from macroscopic scale down to the atomic scale and from the combination of both numerical and experimental techniques. In particular, the incorporation of hydrogen leads to a hardening of the nickel intrinsically. However, the formation of vacancies and vacancy clusters by the incorporation of hydrogen counteracts the effects of the solute and participates in the competition between the softening and the hardening of cyclically strained nickel single crystal observed at macroscopic scale.
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Guillaume Hachet. Multi-scale investigation of the consequences of hydrogen on the mechanical response of cyclically strained nickel single crystal. Materials. Université de La Rochelle, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LAROS022⟩. ⟨tel-02129284⟩

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