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Detecting prominent microblog users over crisis events phases

Abstract : During crisis events such as disasters, the need for real-time information retrieval (IR) from microblogs becomes essential. However, the huge amount and the variety of the shared information in real time during such events over-complicates this task. Unlike existing IR approaches based on content analysis, we propose to tackle this problem by using user-centric IR approaches with identifying and tracking prominent microblog users who are susceptible to share relevant and exclusive information at an early stage of each analyzed event phase. This approach ensures real-time access to the valuable microblogs information required by the emergency teams. In this approach, we propose a phase-aware probabilistic model for predicting and ranking prominent microblog users over time according to their behavior using Mixture of Gaussians Hidden Markov Models (MoG-HMM). The model utilizes a new user representation which takes into account both the user and the event specificities over time. This user representation comprises the following new aspects (1) Modeling microblog users behavior evolution by considering the different event phases (2) Characterizing users activity over time through a temporal sequence representation (3) Time-series-based selection of the most discriminative features (4) prominent users prediction using probabilistic phase-aware models learned a priori. We have conducted experiments during flooding events: we trained our identification models using a dataset relative to the "Alpes-Maritimes floods" and we tested its identification performance using a new dataset relative to another flooding disaster "Herault floods". The achieved results show that our model significantly outperforms phase-unaware models and identifies most of the prominent users at an early stage of each event phase.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03025566
Contributor : Antoine Doucet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 2:11:22 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 3:35:26 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 6:03:53 PM

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Imen Bizid, Nibal Nayef, Patrice Boursier, Antoine Doucet. Detecting prominent microblog users over crisis events phases. Information Systems, Elsevier, 2018, 78, pp.173 - 188. ⟨10.1016/j.is.2017.12.004⟩. ⟨hal-03025566⟩

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