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Characterisation of the Water Renewal in a Macro-Tidal Marina Using Several Transport Timescales

Abstract : In this paper, we investigate the water renewal of a highly populated marina, located in the southwest of France, and subjected to a macro-tidal regime. With the use of a 3D-numerical model (TELEMAC-3D), three water transport timescales were studied and compared to provide a fully detailed description of the physical processes occurring in the marina. Integrated Flushing times (IFT) were computed through a Eulerian way while a Lagrangian method allowed to estimate Residence Times (RT) and Exposure Times (ET). From these timescales, the return-flow (the fraction of water that re-enters the marina at flood after leaving the domain at ebb) was quantified via the Return-flow Factor (RFF) and the Return Coefficient (RC) parameters. The intrinsic information contained in these parameters is thoroughly analysed, and their relevance is discussed. A wide range of weather-marine conditions was tested to provide the most exhaustive information about the processes occurring in the marina. The results highlight the significant influence of the tide and the wind as well as the smaller influence of the Floating Structures (FS) on the renewal. Besides, this study provides the first investigation of the water exchange processes of La Rochelle marina. It offers some content that interest researchers and environmental managers in the monitoring of pollutants as well as biological/ecological applications.
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Jean-Rémy Huguet, Isabelle Brenon, Thibault Coulombier. Characterisation of the Water Renewal in a Macro-Tidal Marina Using Several Transport Timescales. Water, MDPI, 2019, 11 (10), pp.2050. ⟨10.3390/w11102050⟩. ⟨hal-02437527⟩

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